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NEWS HEADLINES

Design features of the EU’s aviation ETS should be strengthened to deliver real emissions reductions, finds T&E report | T&E
Design features of the EU’s aviation ETS should be strengthened to deliver real emissions reductions, finds T&E report
Thu 22 Sept 2016 - Despite imperfections, the inclusion of aviation into the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) has functioned well and enjoys a high degree of compliance, finds a new report by Transport and Environment (T&E) that analyses performance over the 2013-2015 period. Even allowing for the reduced scope covering just intra-European flights, the cost to airlines has been far less than industry first predicted, says the Brussels-based NGO. T&E has proposed changes and reforms to the EU ETS to realise greater emissions reductions from the sector. Without further legislative intervention, the EU ETS will automatically 'snap back' from 2017 to include coverage of all flights between Europe and third countries pending a decision by countries on the proposed ICAO global carbon measure, and the European Commission is currently consulting on the EU scheme’s future.  Read more ...

JetBlue signs with SG Preston in one of the largest ever airline renewable jet fuel offtake agreements | JetBlue,SG Preston
JetBlue signs with SG Preston in one of the largest ever airline renewable jet fuel offtake agreements
Tue 20 Sept 2016 - JetBlue has signed a 10-year binding deal with bioenergy company SG Preston in what it describes as one of the airline industry's largest ever renewable jet fuel offtake agreements. The carrier plans to purchase more than 33 million gallons of blended jet fuel per year over the period. The blend is to be made up of 30 per cent HEFA-derived renewable fuel produced from sustainable non-food plant oils that is targeted to achieve a 50 per cent or higher reduction in greenhouse gas emissions on a per gallon life-cycle basis compared to the fossil equivalent. JetBlue is looking to supply the fuel to New York area airports from 2019 and the amount purchased is equal to around 20 per cent of the airline's annual fuel consumption at New York JFK. This is a first entry into the aviation market for Philadelphia-based SG Preston, which has ambitions for five 120 million gallon per year renewable jet and diesel facilities in the US and Canada. Read more ...

Paris high ambition countries call for urgent action on aviation emissions and a robust global carbon scheme | ICAO GMBM,A39
Paris high ambition countries call for urgent action on aviation emissions and a robust global carbon scheme
Mon 19 Sept 2016 - Members of the High Ambition Coalition, which played a pivotal role in the successful outcome of the global climate negotiations last December that resulted in the Paris Agreement, have joined forces to call for urgent action to curb the growth of emissions from the aviation sector. Representing both the developed and developing world, Mexico, the Marshall Islands and the European Union have issued a joint statement saying it was "time for us to make history again" and for countries to work to secure an ambitious and robust global market-based measure (GMBM) at the forthcoming ICAO 39th Assembly. It was crucial there was a broad participation of countries in the scheme, they said, and the widest possible emissions coverage. However, another key member of the Coalition in Paris, Brazil, has indicated it is unlikely to join the voluntary phase of the scheme (2021-2026) as it did not produce enough emissions to justify doing so. (Updated Sept 20 & 21Read more ...

Environmental NGOs fear voluntary participation in global aviation scheme will undermine carbon neutrality goal | ICSA, ICAO GMBM,Flightpath 1.5,WWF-US,EDF,Carbon Market Watch
Environmental NGOs fear voluntary participation in global aviation scheme will undermine carbon neutrality goal
Fri 16 Sept 2016 - Environmental NGOs have expressed strong reservations with elements of the proposed global market-based carbon scheme that will shortly be presented for approval by ICAO's Member States at their upcoming Assembly that starts on September 27 in Montreal. They fear that relying on voluntary and unguaranteed participation in the initial phases of the scheme and what they see as weak environmental safeguards in the draft text will undermine the principle goal of achieving the carbon-neutral growth of international aviation emissions after 2020 (CNG2020). The level of ambition of the proposals falls well short of the climate commitment required by the global Paris Agreement, they argue, and have set out a number of measures that should be taken to strengthen the scheme's environmental integrity. Read more ...

LanzaTech achieves breakthrough with first batch of sustainable jet fuel to be produced from ethanol | LanzaTech
LanzaTech achieves breakthrough with first batch of sustainable jet fuel to be produced from ethanol
Wed 14 Sept 2016 - Alcohol-to-jet (ATJ) fuel developer LanzaTech has succeeded in producing a batch of 1,500 US gallons of low carbon jet fuel from its ethanol product, which will now be used for additional testing as part of the ASTM fuel certification process required for commercial aviation use. The Chicago-based company and its partner Virgin Atlantic are working with Boeing, aircraft engine manufacturers and others involved in the process towards approval now anticipated in 2017, which would include a proving flight using the fuel. LanzaTech's technology captures waste carbon monoxide gases emitted from steel production plants and converts them into ethanol through fermentation, which can then be used as a feedstock for a variety of products, including aviation fuel. The Lanzanol batch was produced at a facility in China and shipped to the US, where it went through a final conversion to jet fuel by the US Department of Energy's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). Read more ...

KLM and Lufthansa sign long-term agreements with US sustainable biofuel producers AltAir and Gevo | AltAir,Gevo
KLM and Lufthansa sign long-term agreements with US sustainable biofuel producers AltAir and Gevo
Mon 12 Sept 2016 - European airlines KLM and Lufthansa have each signed agreements with US biofuel companies for supplies of locally-produced sustainable fuels. KLM has agreed to purchase through a three-year offtake agreement an undisclosed quantity of used cooking oil based fuel produced by AltAir and supplied by Amsterdam-based SkyNRG. The fuel will be used on all KLM flights departing from Los Angeles and will be delivered to aircraft through the airport's hydrant system. Gevo, meanwhile, has entered into a non-binding heads of agreement with Lufthansa to supply up to 8 million gallons annually of alcohol-to-jet fuel over a five-year period once its intended first commercial-scale facility in Minnesota is up and running. Read more ...

COMMENTARY

The fight must go on to protect the EU's right to continue with its own aviation emissions scheme | Jeff Gazzard
The fight must go on to protect the EU's right to continue with its own aviation emissions scheme
Fri 28 Sept 2016 - ICAO Member States start their triennial Assembly next week and one of the key items up for discussion is the development and implementation of a Global Market Based Measure (GMBM) to try and control and reduce civil aviation's growing use of fossil fuel via the use of a price mechanism that includes the cost of CO2 emissions in airline ticket prices. At the heart of this measure is the industry-led target of carbon-neutral growth of aviation emissions from 2020, which as designed is unlikely to meet the UN’s own climate goals, writes Jeff Gazzard. The GMBM proposal also attempts to disband the European Union's own emissions scheme for aviation, the EU ETS. Europe, he insists, along with global environmental NGOs and those countries most at risk from climate change, must come away from the Assembly with the EU's right to keep it intact. Read more ...

NEW PUBLICATIONS

ICAO Environmental Report 2016 – On Board a Sustainable Future | ICAO Environmental Report
ICAO Environmental Report 2016 – On Board a Sustainable Future
August 2016 - ICAO has announced the publication of the 2016 edition of its Environmental Report, which shares information on progress made over the last three years across key areas of the UN agency's civil aviation environmental protection activities. This fourth edition is a compendium of technical and scientific articles intended to inform of the work of the ICAO Secretariat, ICAO Member States and the many stakeholders involved. It also serves as a reference document in matters concerning international aviation and the environment, as well as presenting the work of ICAO's Committee on Aviation Environmental Protection (CAEP), which has more than 600 international experts, in areas such as noise, air quality, climate change mitigation and adaptation, and aircraft end-of-life recycling. Read more ...

McGill University’s Occasional Paper Series on the environmental sustainability of international civil aviation | McGill University
McGill University’s Occasional Paper Series on the environmental sustainability of international civil aviation
August 2016 - The Centre for Research in Air and Space Law at McGill University in Canada has published an Occasional Paper Series on the environmental sustainability of international civil aviation. The 13 research papers address various policy, legal and technical means and issues relating to the regulation of the impact of international aviation on the environment. The papers are intended to be of relevance to discussions at the upcoming ICAO Assembly starting next month and the authors hope they will contribute to the work of the Assembly and understanding of attending delegates. The papers are a collaborative effort between the Institute of Air and Space Law (IASL) at McGill and the Centre for International Sustainable Development Law (CISDL), and will form the core of a book that is due to be published at a later date by Cambridge University Press. Read more ...

NEW BOOK

Climate Change Governance in International Civil Aviation: Toward Regulating Emissions Relevant to Climate Change and Global Warming | Tanveer Ahmad
Climate Change Governance in International Civil Aviation: Toward Regulating Emissions Relevant to Climate Change and Global Warming
September 2016 - Successful climate change governance in international civil aviation has yet to be achieved, says Tanveer Ahmad, and in this book he argues that to effectively govern emissions from international civil aviation of relevance to climate change and global warming, binding legal measures and a mandatory but temporary global market-based measure, or unilateral market-based measures of the same model adopted by economically powerful States, for international civil aviation are immediately required. The book demonstrates how de jure soft law instruments, international environmental law principles, a new understanding and way of exercising the doctrine of State sovereignty, together with multilateral and unilateral economic instruments, can be utilised to reduce aviation’s environmental impacts. Read more ...

FORTHCOMING EVENTS

For more details on the following events, click here

Greener Aviation Conference
11-13 October 2016
Brussels, Belgium

Carbon Forward Conference
12-14 October 2016
London, UK

RAeS Greener by Design 2016 Annual Conference
17-18 October 2016
London, UK

CAAFI Biennial General Meeting 2016
25-27 October 2016
Washington DC, USA

Airports Going Green
31 October – 2 November 2016
Amsterdam, The Netherlands

IATA Alternative Fuels Symposium
10-11 November 2016
Hanoi, Vietnam

 Read more ...

RECENT NEWS

ICAO carbon offsetting scheme moves a step closer to agreement as Council releases final draft resolution text | ICAO GMBM,ICAO A39
ICAO carbon offsetting scheme moves a step closer to agreement as Council releases final draft resolution text
Sat 3 Sept 2016 - ICAO's 36-State governing Council has released final draft text of a Resolution to be put before the UN agency's triennial Assembly later this month on a global market-based measure (GMBM) aimed at keeping global net CO2 emissions from international aviation at 2020 levels. The new text moves away from a mandatory scheme from the beginning to a voluntary pilot and first phase covering the first six years (2021-2026). The second mandatory phase, which would run from 2027 to the proposed end of the carbon offsetting scheme in 2035, would exempt least developed countries and those with the lowest share of international aviation activity. However, all ICAO Member States are "strongly encouraged to voluntarily participate as early as possible." Some countries have already announced their participation but attention will now be focused on the intentions of the major aviation carbon emitters. (Updated Sept 6Read more ...

Heathrow to add 50 new noise monitors as part of latest 10-step noise reduction strategy | Brüel & Kjær,Heathrow Airport
Heathrow to add 50 new noise monitors as part of latest 10-step noise reduction strategy
Fri 26 Aug 2016 - As a result of engagement with resident groups, London's Heathrow Airport is installing 50 new noise monitors in the local area as well as upgrading its existing monitoring network. The airport says the new monitors will help the airport and residents gain a better understanding of local noise impacts and will complement the modelling of the existing fixed and mobile monitors, and plans to use the system to provide real-time measurements to residents. This is one of 10 steps set out by Heathrow in its second 'Blueprint for Noise Reductions' just released that include the launch of a web-based tool for residents to access flight data specific to their locations and establishing a voluntary Quiet Night Charter to reduce the impact of night operations. Read more ...

French authorities seize Polish charter carrier aircraft over non-payment of airport noise violation fines | Enter Air,ACNUSA
French authorities seize Polish charter carrier aircraft over non-payment of airport noise violation fines
Thu 25 Aug 2016 - The French airport nuisance authority ACNUSA has briefly seized an aircraft belonging to Enter Air, Poland's biggest charter operator, over non-payment of noise disturbance fines totalling over EUR1.1 million ($1.24m). The B737-800 aircraft was held at Paris Charles de Gaulle (CDG) airport for around five hours on August 10 before the fines were settled. According to ACNUSA, the airline committed over 80 violations of night-time restrictions at CDG between 2013 and 2014, which resulted in the fines. The authority, which has to date issued 5,642 fines totalling EUR45,354,120 ($51m) against nearly 1,000 aircraft operators, said this was the first time it had seized an aircraft and the precedent sent a strong warning to other airlines. Read more ...

Time running out for ICAO States to agree on participation in global carbon scheme for international aviation | ICAO GMBM
Time running out for ICAO States to agree on participation in global carbon scheme for international aviation
Mon 22 Aug 2016 - A two-day meeting of ICAO Member States gets underway today in Montreal that will attempt to bridge key differences on a global market-based measure (GMBM) scheme to cap international aviation emissions from 2020 before ICAO's triennial Assembly starts later next month. The closed-door meeting will seek to agree compromise text on a draft Assembly resolution on which States should participate in the scheme from the beginning and how offsetting requirements should be distributed. There are fears that a proposed initial five-year implementation phase could be switched from a mandatory to a voluntary opt-in basis that could lead to a sharp fall in coverage of international aviation emissions. Meanwhile, analysis carried out by a carbon policy website suggests air transport could consume a quarter of the global 1.5C carbon budget by 2050. Read more ...

Dallas Fort Worth becomes the first North American airport to achieve carbon neutrality | Airport Carbon Accreditation,Dallas Fort Worth
Dallas Fort Worth becomes the first North American airport to achieve carbon neutrality
Wed 17 Aug 2016 - Dallas Fort Worth (DFW) has become the first airport in North America to achieve carbon neutral status in the industry's Airport Carbon Accreditation (ACA) certification programme. It joins 23 other, mainly European, airports to reach this highest level, which requires the airport to purchase carbon offsets for those direct and indirect emissions over which it has control, having already fulfilled the requirements of the three lower levels of the programme. Since 2010, points out DFW, it has achieved a 29 per cent reduction in carbon emissions as well as an overall 38 per cent reduction in energy costs. During the same period, total passengers increased by 15 per cent. The airport says it is committed to using renewable sources for its electrical consumption and its vehicle fleet has been almost completely converted to compressed natural gas. Read more ...

US government lays out R&D strategy to address key challenges hindering development of alternative jet fuels | CAAFI,AJF-IWG
US government lays out R&D strategy to address key challenges hindering development of alternative jet fuels
Fri 29 July 2016 - The White House has released a US federal strategy setting out prioritised R&D goals and objectives to address key scientific and technical challenges that are holding back the development, production and use of economically viable alternative jet fuels (AJFs) at commercial scale. With input from a range of federal and non-federal stakeholders, the strategy has been put together by an interagency working group made up of expert representatives from across government. Despite significant progress by commercial and military aviation over the past decade to develop, evaluate and deploy AJFs, there are not as yet sufficient volumes that can compete on price with petroleum fuel to meet the needs of the aviation industry, say research officials. Cooperation between the federal government and the private sector, including industry, NGOs and academia, as well as international coordination, will be crucial to addressing the challenges, says the strategy report. Read more ...

Lufthansa Group fails for the first time to improve annual fuel efficiency of its fleet | Lufthansa,Balance
Lufthansa Group fails for the first time to improve annual fuel efficiency of its fleet
Thu 28 July 2016 - After years of continuous improvement, Lufthansa Group's fuel efficiency gains stalled in 2015, just matching the achievement of the previous year. The group's specific fuel consumption measurement recorded an overall 3.84 litres per 100 passenger kilometres (l/100pkm) on its passenger operations, and freight transportation specific fuel consumption increased from 221 g/km in 2014 to 225 g/km in 2015. Overall carbon emissions rose from 27.8 million tonnes (Mt) in 2014 to nearly 28.2 Mt in 2015, a 1.4 per cent increase. This year, the Group will add 52 new, more efficient aircraft to its fleet and is the first to operate the new Airbus A320neo, with the A350-900 entering next winter. The new Bombardier CSeries has just entered service with its Swiss subsidiary. The Group said it was also working to improve its carbon footprint through over 500 fuel efficiency programmes it has started since 2013. Read more ...

Virgin Atlantic records small decline in fuel efficiency as it awaits positive impact of new 787s and A350s | Virgin Atlantic
Virgin Atlantic records small decline in fuel efficiency as it awaits positive impact of new 787s and A350s
Wed 27 July 2016 - Although posting a strong financial performance last year after having moved back into profitability in 2014, long-haul carrier Virgin Atlantic suffered a blip last year when the overall fuel efficiency of its fleet declined marginally. The airline's CO2 per revenue tonne-kilometre (RTK) in 2015 was measured at 0.791 kg, a 9 per cent reduction since a 2007 baseline but a 1 per cent increase on 2014. The fall in inefficiency was due to fleet and network changes, the later than expected entry into the fleet of new Boeing 787s and slightly lower passenger and cargo loads, says the airline. However, better progress was made on reducing the noise output of its aircraft and is on track towards reaching a 2020 target. The airline reports delays in the certification process is holding back a planned 'proving' flight using sustainable fuel produced by partner LanzaTech. Read more ...

The inclusion of Swiss flights in the EU ETS under ‘Stop the clock’ is lawful, says ECJ Advocate General | Swiss,ECJ
The inclusion of Swiss flights in the EU ETS under ‘Stop the clock’ is lawful, says ECJ Advocate General
Tue 26 July 2016 - The continued inclusion of flights between the EU and Switzerland in the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) is justified and legal, a senior advisor to the European Court of Justice (ECJ) has ruled. The 'Stop the clock' decision by the EU in 2013 to temporarily suspend the obligation for airlines to monitor and report emissions and to surrender allowances in respect of flights between EEA States - EU plus Iceland, Norway and Liechtenstein - and most third countries did not extend the moratorium to Switzerland. In the ongoing case, Swiss International Air Lines (SWISS) has argued this was unequal treatment under EU law and is seeking recompense for the allowances it was required to purchase and surrender to cover emissions from flights between EEA States and Switzerland in 2012. Read more ...

EPA issues endangerment finding that paves the way for aircraft GHG regulation in the US | EPA
EPA issues endangerment finding that paves the way for aircraft GHG regulation in the US
Mon 25 July 2016 - The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has issued a final finding that confirms greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs) from aircraft are a significant contributor to air pollution and climate change. Although the EPA does not propose what action should be taken in its endangerment finding, the move paves the way for mandatory GHG standards for US aircraft, the only transportation sector not yet subject to such national regulation. The government agency said it was concerned with FAA projections that GHG emissions from aircraft are likely to increase by 43 per cent between 2010 and 2036, while light vehicle and rail emissions are forecast to fall. Following a long legal campaign to force the EPA to act on aircraft emissions, environmental groups welcomed the move and called on it to enforce stronger standards than those proposed by ICAO's environmental technical committee CAEP in February. (Updated July 27Read more ...

NATS achieves emissions reductions but increasing air traffic poses an environmental performance challenge | NATS,Sustainable Aviation
NATS achieves emissions reductions but increasing air traffic poses an environmental performance challenge
Mon 25 July 2016 - UK air navigation service provider (ANSP) NATS achieved a reduction of 34,195 tonnes in ATM-related CO2 emissions in 2015, according to its latest annual Responsible Business report, but this masks a tough challenge it is facing to reach an ambitious 2020 goal of reducing overall emissions from aircraft under its control by 10 per cent against a 2006 baseline. Although it has made strides in airspace improvements and procedural changes to aircraft operations, a rebound in air traffic since a downturn towards the end of the last decade has added to the task ahead. NATS' Head of Environmental and Community Affairs, Ian Jopson, explained the action NATS is undertaking to reduce both carbon emissions and the impact of aircraft noise on communities. As current Chair of Sustainable Aviation, Jopson also outlined the future direction of the UK cross-industry group. Read more ...

European airlines and NGOs step up pressure for agreement on global CO2 scheme for international aviation | ICAO GMBM
European airlines and NGOs step up pressure for agreement on global CO2 scheme for international aviation
Wed 20 July 2016 - With just two months before the start of the ICAO Assembly, airlines and environmental NGOs are stepping up pressure on governments to reach an agreement on a global scheme to tackle growing carbon emissions from international aviation. So too is the European Commission, which today reaffirmed its support for the measure in a report laying out its strategy for a low-emission transport future in Europe, saying it will review the EU's own aviation ETS scheme in the light of the ICAO outcome. New European airline trade body A4E welcomed the Commission's commitment, adding it expected the EU to replace the ETS with the global scheme. However, NGO Transport & Environment (T&E) warned that EU efforts to decarbonise ground transport would be offset by increases in emissions from aviation and shipping. Meanwhile, a meeting has been convened at ICAO next month to discuss progress by States on the scheme. Read more ...

Produced from high-energy tobacco crops, SAA undertakes Africa’s first sustainable biofuel commercial flight | Project Solaris
Produced from high-energy tobacco crops, SAA undertakes Africa’s first sustainable biofuel commercial flight
Fri 15 July 2016 - Africa's first sustainable biofuel commercial flight took place today when a South African Airways (SAA) Boeing 737-800 flying from Johannesburg to Cape Town used a jet fuel produced from nicotine-free tobacco plants grown in the Limpopo region of South Africa under the Solaris project. The initiative is a collaboration involving SAA, Boeing, SkyNRG, WWF-SA and Sunchem, which is the developer of the novel energy tobacco crop. Cultivated by smallholder and commercial farmers, the Solaris crop is expected to provide an opportunity to grow sustainable bioenergy resources while stimulating socio-economic development in the region. Strong support for the project has come from the Roundtable for Sustainable Biomaterials (RSB), and both Sunchem and SkyNRG are both certified by the sustainability body. The fuel for the flight was refined by AltAir, which is currently undergoing RSB certification. Read more ...

Boeing partners with Embraer in next phase of ecoDemonstrator test programme | Boeing ecoDemonstrator,Embraer
Boeing partners with Embraer in next phase of ecoDemonstrator test programme
Thu 14 July 2016 - The next phase of Boeing's ecoDemonstrator environmental test programme will involve an Embraer 170, the first time a non-Boeing aircraft has been used. It will test a variety of new technologies intended to boost fuel efficiency and reduce carbon emissions and noise, and flights will also be powered by a Brazilian-produced biofuel blend. The E170 will serve as the flying testbed and will undergo operational testing in Brazil during August and September. Technologies that will be employed include LIDAR, 'ice phobic' aircraft paint, a new wing design to reduce noise and special sensors to better understand in-flight aerodynamics. The collaboration marks another step in the relationship between the two aircraft manufacturers that began in 2012 when they signed a cooperation agreement. Meanwhile, Boeing has increased its projection for new aircraft demand to 39,620 deliveries over the next 20 years. Read more ...

United marks new service to Auckland with green flight operated under ASPIRE initiative | ASPIRE
United marks new service to Auckland with green flight operated under ASPIRE initiative
Wed 6 July 2016 - United Airlines marked the opening of its new route from San Francisco to Auckland last weekend with a 'green' flight conducted under the Asia and Pacific Initiative to Reduce Emissions (ASPIRE). During the inaugural flight, operated with a Boeing 787-800, the carrier used ASPIRE best practices that included user preferred route and dynamic airborne re-route procedures to follow a flexible fuel efficient flight path that could be changed at various stages to take advantage of favourable winds. Air traffic controllers on the ground at both ends of the journey managed the flight's arrival and departure to ensure optimal efficiency. Data and metrics from the flight will now be assessed. ASPIRE is a partnership of air navigation service providers and airlines from the Pacific region to develop gate-to-gate flight procedures and standards that limit fuel burn and carbon emissions. Read more ...

Six airlines singled out in latest NRDC survey as leaders in development of sustainably-sourced aviation biofuels | NRDC
Six airlines singled out in latest NRDC survey as leaders in development of sustainably-sourced aviation biofuels
Fri 1 July 2016 - US environmental NGO Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) has released its third annual Aviation Biofuel Sustainability Scorecard, which surveyed and ranked 29 airlines on sourcing sustainably produced biofuels. Just 19 of those airlines responded to NRDC's questionnaire, although this was an improvement of two over the previous year. For the 2016 Scorecard, NRDC grouped airlines into four categories - Leading, Advancing, Basic and Nonresponsive - that were based on commitments to sustainable fuel supply chain development, sustainable fuel use, and monitoring and disclosure. If airlines are going to meet carbon emissions targets, new low-carbon fuel sourcing is essential, says NRDC, but these fuels must demonstrate reduced emissions across their entire life-cycles and address other sustainability concerns. Read more ...

New generation Boeing Dreamliners resulting in improved noise performance at airport, says Heathrow | Fly Quiet,Heathrow Airport
New generation Boeing Dreamliners resulting in improved noise performance at airport, says Heathrow
Thu 30 June 2016 - The introduction of Boeing's 787 Dreamliner is credited with an overall improvement in noise performance at London's Heathrow Airport, according to the latest Fly Quiet league table published by the airport. Singled out for praise is Virgin Atlantic, which is in the process of replacing its old 747-400s with new Dreamliners, although other airlines such as Air Canada, Air India, British Airways and Qatar Airways have also significantly increased the use of the new-generation aircraft on Heathrow routes. The airport says it is on track to become the first large European airport to be completely free of the oldest and noisiest Chapter 3 classification aircraft, which attract high landing fees. On average, airlines pay 10 times more to fly Chapter 3 planes to Heathrow compared to the quietest aircraft such as the Dreamliner. Read more ...

Groundbreaking aviation biofuel supply initiative wins Oslo Airport industry environment award | Avinor,Airport Carbon Accreditation
Groundbreaking aviation biofuel supply initiative wins Oslo Airport industry environment award
Mon 27 June 2016 - Oslo Airport is the recipient of this year's Eco-Innovation Award from the independent advisory board of the industry's carbon management programme, Airport Carbon Accreditation. Presented during ACI Europe's annual congress in Athens, the judges in particular praised the airport for its ground-breaking project in setting up earlier this year a regular supply of jet biofuel through its existing fuel farm and hydrant dispenser system to all airlines serving the airport. Based on a collaboration with airlines, fuel companies and biofuel producers, the judges said it should be an example to be followed by other airports aiming to reduce their environmental footprint. During its congress, ACI Europe released annual results that show 107 airports across Europe are now part of the carbon programme, with 22 airports, including Oslo, at the highest carbon neutrality level. Read more ...

Behavioural economics can nudge pilots into boosting fuel and carbon efficiency, finds Virgin Atlantic study | Virgin Atlantic,University of Chicago,London School of Economics
Behavioural economics can nudge pilots into boosting fuel and carbon efficiency, finds Virgin Atlantic study
Fri 24 June 2016 - Behavioural economics could be one of the most cost-effective ways of achieving fuel and carbon efficiency savings from airlines, finds an academic study involving Virgin Atlantic captains. Working with research economists from the University of Chicago and the London School of Economics, the airline's fuel efficiency and sustainability teams developed a process that increased the awareness of Virgin's 335 captains of the measures they could take to improve fuel efficiency through three sets of behaviours: take-off, in the air and upon arrival. As part of the eight-month study, captains were randomised into one of four groups, including one 'business as usual' control group and three active intervention groups. Data from more than 42,000 flights was independently analysed, and the result was fuel savings of £3.3 million ($4.5m) at 2014 prices and CO2 emissions reductions of 21,500 tonnes. Read more ...

EU emissions from international flights rise 1.6% in 2014 to overtake those from shipping for the first time | European Environment Agency
EU emissions from international flights rise 1.6% in 2014 to overtake those from shipping for the first time
Tue 21 June 2016 - EU greenhouse gas emissions in 2014 from international aviation overtook those from international shipping for the first time as they increased by 95 per cent between 1990 and 2014 compared to shipping's rise of 24 per cent during the same period. Together, the two sectors accounted for around 6 per cent of total EU GHG emissions in 2014. Compared to 2013, EU GHG emissions from international aviation rose by 1.6 per cent in 2014 while emissions from domestic aviation fell by 0.8 per cent. Overall GHG emissions for the 28 EU member states plus Iceland in 2014 were 24.4 per cent below 1990 levels and decreased by 4.1 per cent between 2013 and 2014. GHG emissions decreased in the majority of sectors, reports the European Environment Agency (EEA) in its latest annual EU GHG inventory report, with the notable exceptions of road transport - responsible for the largest increase - and international aviation and shipping. Read more ...

If we don’t work in partnership, we won’t reach industry 2050 CO2 reduction target, warns Qantas chief | IATA AGM 2016
If we don’t work in partnership, we won’t reach industry 2050 CO2 reduction target, warns Qantas chief
Fri 17 June 2016 - Although there is a current focus on achieving a goal of climate neutral growth from 2020, the aviation industry also has a long-term target of cutting net CO2 emissions by half by 2050 compared to 2005 levels. At IATA's recent annual meeting in Dublin, representatives from industry, academia and NGOs came together in a panel session to discuss what was needed to reach it. There was no doubt, said Qantas CEO Alan Joyce, the environmental challenge would be one of the biggest facing the industry over the coming decades and it would require all sectors to work closely together and with government on the issue. The 2050 target was very aggressive, he said, with no silver bullet on how to achieve it and would require many different global technology, operational and infrastructure initiatives, particularly on sustainable alternative fuels. Read more ...

Amyris/Total enter into two-year agreement to supply renewable jet fuel for Cathay Pacific A350 delivery flights | Cathay Pacific,Amyris,Fulcrum BioEnergy
Amyris/Total enter into two-year agreement to supply renewable jet fuel for Cathay Pacific A350 delivery flights
Wed 15 June 2016 - A 10 per cent blend of Amyris renewable jet fuel was used to power the delivery flight of the first Airbus A350 XWB to enter the Cathay Pacific fleet. With support from fuel giant Total, the flight marked the start of an agreement with Cathay that will see the blended sustainable sugar cane-derived fuel used on all A350 delivery flights over the next two years. The A350-900 flight from the manufacturer's base in Toulouse to Hong Kong was the longest to date using renewable jet fuel, claim the partners. The combination of the new aircraft's 25 per cent improvement in fuel efficiency and the renewable fuel's properties resulted in an estimated 30 per cent reduction in CO2 emissions when compared to flights of the aircraft it will replace. In 2014, Cathay also entered into an equity deal and offtake agreement with US municipal solid waste to jet fuel developer Fulcrum BioEnergy. Read more ...

Sufficient supply of high quality carbon credits and sustainable fuels to meet aviation CO2 goals, finds study | WWF,Stockholm Environment Institute,ICAO GMBM
Sufficient supply of high quality carbon credits and sustainable fuels to meet aviation CO2 goals, finds study
Wed 15 June 2016 - A study commissioned by WWF finds airlines could meet most of their carbon-neutral growth (CNG) requirements during the 2020-2035 period even if they focus on buying carbon credits for which there is both a high confidence in greenhouse gas reductions and demonstrable benefits under the UN's sustainable development goals. Although there is greater uncertainty in how the supply of alternative jet fuels can contribute to the ICAO CNG goal, the study shows those fuels with appropriate eligibility criteria to advance sustainable development objectives could yield GHG reductions of up to 9 per cent of the goal. WWF is calling on ICAO to send a clear signal in its forthcoming Assembly Resolution on a global market-based measure (GMBM) that only carbon credits and alternative fuels that achieve real emissions reductions and promote sustainable development will be recognised, and detailed rules are finalised as soon as possible. Read more ...

Alaska undertakes first commercial flights to use Gevo's newly-approved alcohol-to-jet renewable fuel | Gevo,Alaskan Airlines
Alaska undertakes first commercial flights to use Gevo's newly-approved alcohol-to-jet renewable fuel
Fri 10 June 2016 - Two Alaska Airlines flights departed Seattle for San Francisco and Washington DC on Tuesday fuelled by a 20 per cent blend of Gevo's renewable alcohol-to-jet (ATJ) fuel, the first commercial flights to use the fuel since it was approved by fuel standards body ASTM International in April. Around 1,500 gallons of renewable fuel was used on the flights and was derived from sustainable non-edible field corn grown in South Dakota. Alaska estimates the blend used for the two flights reduced greenhouse gas emissions by 50 per cent. The use of such fuels is part of a long-term commitment to its sustainability strategy, says the airline, and in November 2011 became the first US carrier to fly multiple commercial passenger flights - 75 in all - using biofuel from used cooking oil. Read more ...

Persuading governments to adopt global carbon scheme would be one of IATA's greatest achievements, says Walsh | IATA AGM 2016
Persuading governments to adopt global carbon scheme would be one of IATA's greatest achievements, says Walsh
Thu 9 June 2016 - The new Chairman of IATA's Board of Directors and CEO of International Airlines Group, Willie Walsh, told the media at the conclusion of last week’s AGM in Dublin that he was of "the firm belief" ICAO states will agree at their forthcoming Assembly a scheme to address international aviation’s carbon emissions. If so, he said, to have influenced governments to adopt the measure would be one of IATA's greatest achievements. Outgoing IATA Director General Tony Tyler said the decision was in the hands of governments but airlines and the wider air transport community had played an important role in helping to focus their thinking. A resolution passed at the AGM was intended to send ICAO states during their ongoing negotiations a strong signal that industry wanted them to adopt the measure, added IATA Senior Vice President Paul Steele. Read more ...

Airline industry comes together to urge governments to adopt global carbon offset mechanism | IATA AGM 2016,ICAO GMBM
Airline industry comes together to urge governments to adopt global carbon offset mechanism
Thu 2 June 2016 - The biggest item on our agenda this year is the environment, announced Director General Tony Tyler to journalists at the start of IATA's Annual General Meeting of the world's airlines in Dublin today. One of the earliest resolutions to be passed - overwhelmingly, according to IATA - was a resolution urging governments to adopt a single global carbon offset mechanism to address carbon emissions from international aviation at the ICAO Assembly this autumn. To achieve the industry's goal of carbon-neutral growth from 2020, we need a mandatory global carbon offset scheme in addition to other measures, said Tyler. In a keynote address, however, Ireland's Transport Minister, Shane Ross, warned even with rapid developments in technology, aviation would struggle along with other industries to reconcile its rapid growth with its environmental footprint. Read more ...
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Canadian jet biofuel initiative selects Montreal-Trudeau for co-mingled fuel supply project | Air Canada,GARDN,CBSCI
Canadian jet biofuel initiative selects Montreal-Trudeau for co-mingled fuel supply project
Wed 1 June 2016 – Montreal-Trudeau Airport has been chosen by Canada's Biojet Supply Chain Initiative (CBSCI) for a project to supply aircraft with sustainable aviation biofuel from a shared fuel system. The three-year collaboration involving 14 stakeholder organisations, including Air Canada, is aiming to introduce 400,000 litres of biojet. Previous Air Canada biofuel flights used biojet that was segregated from regular jet fuel and loaded separately into an aircraft by a tanker but CBSCI is looking to develop a more efficient operational framework that will make use of a multi-user, co-mingled airport fuel supply system. The first of its kind in the country, the objective of the CBSCI project is to create a sustainable Canadian supply chain of biojet using renewable feedstocks. Read more ...

Industry carbon reduction programme now extends to over 150 airports worldwide | Airport Carbon Accreditation
Industry carbon reduction programme now extends to over 150 airports worldwide
Wed 1 June 2016 - During the COP21 climate summit in Paris last December, airport industry organisations ACI World and ACI Europe signed an MoU with the UNFCCC to promote the UN climate agency's Climate Neutral Now project and jointly encourage airports to reach the highest levels of the industry's Airport Carbon Accreditation (ACA) programme. Nearly six months on, ACI has released an update on progress that shows ACA status has now been earned by 157 airports across the world, which collectively handle 33 per cent of global passenger traffic. Of these, 21 airports have now achieved the highest Level 3+ representing carbon neutrality, with Turkey's Izmir Adnan Menderes the latest to join the ranks. Originally developed and launched by ACI Europe exactly seven years ago, the ACA was extended to airports in Asia-Pacific in 2011 in partnership with ACI Asia-Pacific and has since been rolled out in all other ACI regions.  Read more ...

Analysis: Unpicking the complex ground rules for international aviation's proposed global carbon emissions scheme | ICAO GMBM
Analysis: Unpicking the complex ground rules for international aviation's proposed global carbon emissions scheme
Wed 1 June 2016 - The recent High-level Meeting (HLM) of ICAO member states to consider a draft proposal on a global market-based measure (GMBM) scheme to address fast-growing carbon emissions from international aviation was seen by some as being marred by deep divisions. But those close to the negotiations are now more confident an agreement will be reached. Reporting significant progress during the talks on finding areas of common agreement, ICAO Council President Dr Olumuyiwa Benard Aliu acknowledged though there was "still work to be done" on key elements of the scheme before it is presented for consideration by member states at their Assembly in late September. This article attempts to unpick the draft Assembly Resolution text, which aims to lay out the ground rules for what would be the first-ever global sectoral carbon scheme, resulting from the ICAO meeting. Read more ...

Aviation industry encouraged by ICAO progress on global carbon scheme negotiations but calls for higher emissions coverage | ICAO GMBM
Aviation industry encouraged by ICAO progress on global carbon scheme negotiations but calls for higher emissions coverage
Thu 19 May 2016 - Aviation industry representatives attending last week's High-level Meeting (HLM) on a global market-based measure (GMBM) at ICAO in Montreal say they were encouraged by the progress made during the talks. While difficult negotiations remained on a couple of key areas, said cross-industry Air Transport Action Group's (ATAG) Executive Director Michael Gill, the meeting had demonstrated ICAO was the right place for the discussions. Prior to the meeting, aviation leaders issued a communique at a one-day conference in Montreal that asked for ICAO states to support the implementation of a global carbon offsetting scheme to complement other technology and operational initiatives to reduce the industry's climate impact. The message was repeated yesterday at an international transport conference in Leipzig attended by 50 ministers of transport. Read more ...

Key differences must be bridged quickly to avoid failure by countries to agree a global aviation carbon scheme, say NGOs | FlightPath 1.5,ICSA,ICAO GMBM
Key differences must be bridged quickly to avoid failure by countries to agree a global aviation carbon scheme, say NGOs
Wed 18 May 2016 - Following last week's High-level Meeting in Montreal of ICAO member states to consider proposals on a global market-based measure (GMBM) to cap net carbon emissions from international aviation, environmental NGOs say unresolved differences risk "a high profile failure". Six international organisations have come together to campaign that aviation makes a fair contribution to the goal of limiting the global temperature increase to 1.5 degrees C above pre-industrial levels. Although some progress was made during the negotiations, they say the current draft text on a resolution to be put to the ICAO Assembly in September falls short even of what is needed to reach ICAO's own goal of carbon-neutral growth from 2020.  Read more ...

Despite disagreements on key elements of global aviation CO2 scheme, ICAO chief confident of success | ICAO GMBM
Despite disagreements on key elements of global aviation CO2 scheme, ICAO chief confident of success
Sun 15 May 2016 - After three days of complex negotiations, ICAO member states are moving towards the likelihood of an agreement at ICAO's triennial Assembly starting in late September on a global market-based measure (GMBM) to cap net carbon emissions from international aviation. However, differences still remain on key aspects of the proposals contained in the draft Assembly resolution text that was discussed during the High-level Meeting (HLM) convened by ICAO and are unlikely to be resolved until during the Assembly. But ICAO Council President Dr Olumuyiwa Benard Aliu expects further ICAO initiatives and bilateral talks to continue over the summer and he remains highly optimistic the UN agency will pass an Assembly resolution to launch the proposed global carbon offsetting scheme. Read more ...

ICAO states convene to reach consensus on a global measure to cap international aviation emissions | ICAO GMBM
ICAO states convene to reach consensus on a global measure to cap international aviation emissions
Wed 11 May 2016 - Officials from ICAO member states have gathered in Montreal for a three-day high-level meeting (HLM) to forge a consensus on a global market-based measure (GMBM) to cap net carbon emissions from international aviation. Under discussion is a draft resolution text proposed by the ICAO Council President to be put before the next ICAO Assembly in late September that would pave the way for the introduction of a Carbon Offsetting Scheme for International Aviation (COSIA) from 2020. Despite sharp differences between major nations on key elements of the scheme, largely based around the issue of differentiation, ICAO officials are quietly confident that a deal can be struck but is likely to be taken to the wire at the Assembly. Read more ...

ICAO CO2 emissions standard was a factor in the decision to favour the all-new Bombardier C Series, says Delta | Delta Air Lines,CO2 standard,Bombardier,C Series
ICAO CO2 emissions standard was a factor in the decision to favour the all-new Bombardier C Series, says Delta
Wed 4 May 2016 - Last week's announcement that a major US airline, Delta, had ordered C Series aircraft from Canadian manufacturer Bombardier was a shot in the arm for the troubled and much-delayed all-new aircraft programme. The deal was also a boost for the aircraft CO2 emissions standard proposed by ICAO's environmental technical committee in February, which has come in for criticism from certain quarters for being unambitious. Delta's SVP for supply chain maintenance and fleet strategy, Greg May, said the decision to purchase 75 short- to mid-range CS100 aircraft with options for an additional 50 had been partly influenced by the introduction of the new standard. Bombardier claims the C Series, which is powered by Pratt & Whitney's PurePower PW1500G engine will deliver a 20 per cent savings in fuel and CO2 emissions compared to existing in-production rivals and will be the quietest commercial jet aircraft in its class. Read more ...